Higher education in Brazil takes place in research universities, university centres, colleges, educational institutes, and technical colleges. Citizens can choose from three types of undergraduate degree: the traditional BA, the teacher’s BA (or licenciatura) and technical training. Graduate degrees are divided into the categories of lato sensu (for MBAs and specialization courses) and strictu sensu (for MAs and doctorates).
In order to evaluate the quality of university programs in Brazil, the Anisio Teixeira National Institute for Educational Studies and Research (Inep) and the Ministry of Education (MEC) use the General Programs Index (IGC), which is published every year following the results of the national exam (Enade), a standardized test for students across the country. The IGC uses the average grades of undergraduate and graduate students at each institution (source: Brazil).
Canadian universities have shown a marked interest in developing partnerships with Brazilian institutions in combining great teaching with cutting-edge research. An example of this interest was the visit of a delegation of around 30 heads of Canadian Universities, in 2012. The groups expressed the opinion that now is a great time to invest in this type of partnership and “(…) an excellent opportunity for building strategic collaborations in research, innovation, and higher education with Brazil.” (source: CBIE)
Generally, Canadian universities have open positions for Brazilian and other international students in undergraduate, graduate, and MBA programs. Besides the 4-year bachelor’s degree, there are also college and technical degrees lasting 1 to 3 years, as well as various graduate degrees (masters, PhD) and postdoctoral fellowships.